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ARTICLE
Year : 2009  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 207-212

Knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among food handlers in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State


Department of Community Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P. M.B. 1111, Benin City, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A R Isara
Department of Community Health, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, P. M.B. 1111, Benin City
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among food handlers in fast food restaurants in Benin City, Edo State. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 350 respondents who were selected by means of a systematic sampling method and interviewed using a semi-structured researcher-administered questionnaire. An observational checklist was thereafter used to inspect their personal hygiene status. RESULTS: The mean age of the food handlers was 26.4 +/- 6.1 years. Two hundred and twenty eight (65.1%) were females while 34.9% were males. A majority (98%) of the respondents had formal education. There was good knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety among the respondents. Knowledge was significantly influenced by previous training in food hygiene and safety (p = 0.002). Food handlers who had worked for longer years in the fast food restaurants had better practice of food hygiene and safety (p = 0.036). The level of education of respondents did not significantly influenced their practice of food hygiene and safety (p = 0.084). Although, 299 (85.4%) food handlers were generally clean, skin lesions was seen in 4 (7.3%) of them. CONCLUSION: This study showed good knowledge and practice of food hygiene and safety by food handlers in the fast food restaurants in Benin City, but there is need for improvement through training and retraining of food handlers by the management of the restaurants and the local government authorities.


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