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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 244-246

Histopathological findings in nephrectomy specimens--A review of 42 cases

Departments of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital,Maiduguri, Borno State

Correspondence Address:
H A Nggada
Departments of Histopathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital,Maiduguri, Borno State

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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OBJECTIVE: This study aims at determining the histopathological findings in nephrectomy specimens in the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study of all cases of nephrectomies in UMTH between January 1993 and December 2003. RESULTS: There were 42 cases of unilateral nephrectomies, 26 (61.9%) males and 16 (38.1.9%) females giving a ratio of 1.6:1. Of these, 23 (54.8%) were benign and 19(45.2%) malignant. Chromic interstitial/pyelonephritis was the commonest indication for nephrectomy and this accounted for 28.6% of all cases. Nephroblastoma, the second commonest, accounted for 23.8% of all cases and is the major malignant indication for nephrectomies. Renal cell carcinoma and hydronephrosis accounted for 7(16.7%) cases each; polycystic kidney, transitional cell carcinoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. CONCLUSION: There is need to emphasise the importance of early diagnosis and proper treatment of urinary tract infections, since chronic interstitial/pyelonephritis is the commonest indication for nephrectomy in our environment. This will go long way in reducing the rate nephrectomies on our patients.

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