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ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 265-268

Clinical trial of diclofenac sodium (Naclof) eye drops on Nigerians


Ophthalmology unit, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine University of Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A O Onakoya
Ophthalmology unit, Department of Surgery, College of Medicine University of Lagos
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Twenty-eight eyes of 26 age-matched patients who had planned extracapsular cataract extraction with or without intraocular lens implantation were enrolled into a double blind randomised actively controlled study of 2 groups. Each group of 14 eyes was assigned to receive 0.1% diclofenac sodium (Naclof) eye drops or 1% prednisolone acetate eye suspension. The patients received either 0.1% Diclofenac sodium eye drops or 1.0% prednisolone acetate eye suspension four times a day as their post operative anti-inflammatory medication for a period of four weeks. No significant difference was noticed in the subjective assessment of pain and conjunctival injection in the 28 days follow-up period except day 1 in the diclofenac sodium group (0.05> p >0.01). Other measured objective variables of inflammation such as anterior chamber cells and flare showed no significant difference from the 3rd-28th postoperative days (0.05< p > 0.20). The result demonstrated that 0.1% diclofenac sodium eye drops was as effective as 1% prednisolone acetate eye suspension in the control of postoperative inflammation after cataract surgery, and could serve as a viable alternative to topical steroids in Nigerians who are steroid responders.


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