Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 411
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 4-9

Aerobic bacterial nosocomial infections in paediatric surgical patients at a tertiary health institution in Lagos, Nigeria

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C N Kesah
Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

This study was undertaken to determine nosocomial bacterial infections (NI) in surgical patients in a developing country using the detailed option of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) surgical patient surveillance technique. From 1994 - 1995. Paediatrics surgical patients at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) were prospectively monitored for NI at all body sites. Standard definitions of NI were used, and NI sites were categorised by type of operation. A total of 304 NI occurred in 245 out of 664 surgical patients investigated. SSI (77.3 %) and urinary tract infections (19.1%) were in preponderance. Seventy three per cent of SSI were superficial incisions, 20.5% organ/space and 6.8% deep incisions. The overall wound infection rate was 30.9%. The SSI rate for emergency surgery was 35.6% and 26.5% for elective procedures. Rates within each wound class were 20.2, 23.8, 51.9 and 52.8% respectively and 17, 37.6, 43.4 and 47. 1% for patients with ASA scores of I II III and IV in that order. The SSI rates for patients with scores of 0, 1, 2 and 3 were 20.4; 43.5, 57.1 and 75% respectively. Mean infection rates in the various wound classes were highly correlated with the number of risk factors present. Klebsiella pneumoniae (38. 7%), Escherichia coli (22.7%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (16.8%) and Staphylococcus aureus (10. 7%) were the most common pathogens.

[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal